Monday, November 3, 2014

Acne- When It Becomes Severe

Acne Vulgaris

We all know of common acne that is called acne vulgaris. But there are severe forms of acne that have different names. They are difficult to treat and cause lot of mental agony and skin scars. Let us find out something about the severe forms of acne.

Acne Conglobata

If acne vulgaris suddenly flares up and instead of settling down begins forming more inflammation and nodules with deep cysts that infect the deep insides it is called Acne Conglobata. You will find many body parts full of blackhead sin this and a nodule with surrounding comedones. The nodules get infected, and after treatment leave scars. This form of acne cannot be treated with OTC medication. You must approach a doctor and get it treated.

Acne Fulminans

This acne type generally follows untreated acne conglobata. This causes fever and forms deeper abscesses. Doctors may use steroids and other anti-inflammatory agents to treat this condition.

Gram Negative Folliculitis

This is not acne, but inflammation of the hair follicle. It causes pustules around the hair follicle and may even form boils around them. This is treated with antibiotics. Isotretinoin is commonly used for all severe forms of acne with other medications.

Acne- Why It Forms More During Adolescence?

Acne- the causes of acne formation

The main cause of acne formation is excess sebum production. The sebum is produced by sebaceous glands that are attached to hair follicles. This sebum protects our skin from infection and dryness. During young years hormones bring about many changes in the body. These hormones activate the sebaceous glands to produce more of sebum.

Sebaceous glands and acne

Imagine of a balloon. If you keep it filling, it will expand and then burst. Something similar happens to the sebaceous glands. The hormonal activity also blocks the pores that allow sebum to come out on the skin surface. So you now have a gland that is blocked from the top and filled with sebum. The bacteria P.acnes takes advantage of this and multiplies in the sebum and infects it. You get inflamed acne as the gland bursts under pressure. As the hormones are at peak during the adolescent years, acne forms most during this period. A young person can develop many types of acne.

Acne- effect on adolescents

Acne spots affect the psychology of the young people. They suffer in confidence and are doubtful about developing relationships. It is important that adolescents be guided properly about their acne and treated as soon as possible.

This article is only for informative purposes. This article is not intended to be a medical advise and it is not a substitute for professional medical advice. Please consult your doctor for your medical concerns. Please follow any tip given in this article only after consulting your doctor. The author is not liable for any outcome or damage resulting from information obtained from this article.

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