Tuesday, April 9, 2013

Spots on the face

There are three types of Melasma: epidermal type (svetlosmeđe color), dermal type (pepeljastosmeđe color) and mixed type (dark brown) Hyperpigmentation pigmentovane are dark spots in places pre-existing inflammation. They may be present in all skin types, but the most intense and difficult for people of dark skin. This phenomenon can cause excessive exposure to sunlight, injury, or infection of the skin. In pregnancy can occur and local hyperpigmentation on the face, called Melasma or the mask of pregnancy.

 These spots appear in the fifty to seventy percent of pregnant women, especially in women of darker complexion. Intensifies due to exposure to sunlight, and occurs in genetically susceptible pregnant women under the influence of hormone secretion in pregnancy. Gradually disappears after childbirth, but it can remain for some time. Taking birth control pills at one third of women also causes Melasma and uncontrolled exposure to ultraviolet light.  occur in pregnancy  - Increased pigmentation of the face can occur in pregnancy, and is characterized by the appearance mrkosmeđih spots on the sides of the cheeks, forehead, and above the upper lips. Are usually well defined and easily recognized. Although the risk of development of increased pigmentation beyond pregnancy hereditary and probably present at birth, the condition does not become clearly defined until the period of adolescence has reached an appropriate level of circulating estrogen - The doctor explains Jasmin Kozarevo, specialist dermatology.  Preparations for local therapy  - Depth pigment the skin is variable, which has a direct influence on the choice of therapy in the treatment. When examining the skin reveals three types of Melasma: epidermal type (svetlosmeđe color), dermal type (pepeljastosmeđe color) and mixed type (dark brown) - says Dr. Kozar.  applying preparations for topical treatment temporarily reduces the appearance of pigmented cells, but is due to the creation new pigment cells in the hair follicle, the activity continues, and sometimes can lead to worsening dischromia.  careful with the sun!  Exposure to ultraviolet rays in diseased persons who are treated with products that have the characteristics of the photosensitizer psoralen as for example, hormones, tetracyclines, nonsteroidal antiinflammatory, salicylates , benzodiazepines, Antiparasitic drugs also can cause pigmentation stains. The therapy involves a series of procedures that are aimed at slowing the partition of pigmented cells and a decrease in their number, as well as reduction of pigment synthesis. voice of the public

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