Saturday, December 15, 2012

How to care for your skin?


The truth is that aging can slow the modern cosmetics, but wrinkles and elasticity changes can not be completely prevented. Good and proper care can reduce the visible signs of age. 


Before you start with skin care you need to determine skin type, because the choice of product will depend on him. When did you get the right products to the skin every day to clean the skin twice a tinted, moisturize and protect you. Once or twice a week, use a peel to remove dead cells and make the skin extra treatment, visit beauticians. Alcohol, cigarettes, lack of exercise, exposure to cold wind, stress, lack of sleep and the sun is further cause premature aging. Most dermatologists forbids sunbathing, because the sun is to blame for 80 - 90% of the accelerated aging of the skin, so it is very important to always buy products Uvas UV protection.

Do not always protect a person just because the person next to arms, neck and cleavage sites that are recognized by your age, and even those parts need constant protection from the sun, particularly the hands, because they are the most exposed. Forget alcohol and smoking and maintain a healthy diet and lifestyle.PERFEKTNÍ skin care supplement if you become rich in fruit and vegetables diet, rich in vitamin C, which helps in the formation of collagen, omega - 3 fatty acids, which improve skin texture within the hydrating and vitamin E, which protects cells from free radicals. In turn food and more protein and Minimize fried foods.

20 +
With twenty years have wrinkles, your skin is smooth, shiny, and sometimes aknica rest of the change from youth. The skin is smooth and well nourished. The cells are renewed every 28 days. Acne can be a problem in your twenties, and if so it is important to devote much attention to skin cleansing. Do not use solvents for teenage anti acne products such as drying. Normal skin is too mild cleansing lotions or gels, dry and creamy lotions. Choose milk cleanser suitable for your skin type, not a soap or an alcohol-free tonic.

Skin Care - You should start using creams to prevent wrinkles. Start using a cream or gel that prevent signs of aging. You need a moisturizing skin, which is very important, start early in the 20-team, and especially the middle, because then your skin has less moisture. Choose a moisturizer with antioxidants to keep skin moist and at the same time fight against the free radicals that destroy collagen. Day care requires use of a moisturizer with an SPF of 15 or 20 At night, a person should cultivate a rich moisturizing product derivatives of vitamin A, which stimulates the skin. Once or twice a week put on the face mask of clay with soothing chamomile and aloe funds. You do not need products that promise you radiant skin, because at that age you actually have enough natural splendor. Good care of your skin in your twenties will have visible results in subsequent years. As soon as you notice any signs of aging start using stronger preparations.
And remember that proper skin care in their twenties best investment that will pay off later.

30 +
In the thirties, you might notice a major change in the skin, the color will be uneven, wrinkles on the forehead will become more visible, you receive the fine lines around the eyes and lips, the epidermis becomes dry, because the sebaceous glands secrete less fat, it will make it easier clean the skin. The skin will become more sensitive and you will see spots.

Skin Care - Facial Cleansing Lotion with morning using alpha hydroxy acids (AHA) that contribute to the removal of dead skin cells, and in the evening face clean creamy cleaner. To prevent wrinkles and loss of collagen is necessary to start using more intensive cosmetic products with multiple active ingredients in the form of serums, anti agening labeled products. Try products that contain collagen peptides like Matrixyl peptides and copper. Moisturizing cream should contain anti-oxidants such as green tea, vitamin C and pomegranate for a successful fight against free radicals. Will be most effective at night creams and serums with retinol. Daily use cream for the eye area. To reduce the redness of the skin, which starts to emerge from the thirties, avoid products that contain alcohol, menthol and eucalyptus oil. Always use a sun screen with SPF protection (15 or 20), especially around the eye area and it is important to wear sunglasses and good. Drink more water, 2 to 2.5 liters a day, to provided a more moisture to your skin.

Vitamin C is an antioxidant that is used in the fight against skin damage and free radicals, but it is also required for the synthesis of collagen, which prevents aging. It is good in the fight against wrinkles and other signs of aging. Soluble in water, has an important function in the metabolism, metabolism, stimulates collagen synthesis, increases capillary resistance.
Esster - Vitamin C with fatty acids. Better him than the skin absorbs vitamin C. One of impurities esstera - ascorbyl palmitate C's.

40 + and more
With forty years will start to create frown lines between the eyebrows, dark circles become more visible, no matter what you've rested enough, there are wrinkles on the neck and begin to deepen the lines from the nose down towards the corners of the mouth. The skin will begin to reflect the effects of prolonged exposure to the sun or a lamp in the solarium. Age spots, which are already starting to appear then, not only the sign but also the result of years of not using sunscreen. The consequences of (not) proper skin care at a young age will be reflected in the 40-years. When you enter the fiftieth fight will become much more visible and deep, there will be spots on the hands, neck and the skin will become wrinkled. The skin texture will continue to change, it will remain dry and thin without elastin. In particular it will affect menopause. The loss of estrogen and progestrogena, depletion layer of fat will result in a loss of definition of facial contours.

Skin Care - Just as you nourish skin with thirty, and proceed with the forties. The face should be cleaned with creamy assets in the morning and evening. Day cream must have protective factors, but with her face you can put on the serum and lotions that contain antioxidants, and retinol products at night. Apply to wet skin, day care, cream or serum, because the skin better absorb them. In consultation with a dermatologist to decide which are the best products for your skin. Use cream with coenzyme 10 (Q10), because omugaćava healthy and youthful, with a couple of natural stocks are exhausted. Be sure to take as much vitamin C to help fight damaged skin and improve the synthesis of collagen. For best results, start using products with ingredients such as alpha and beta hydroxy acids, lactic acid and NAPCO - a natural moisturizer.


Types of skin



The skin is an organ whose functions are vital to survival. Forms a boundary between the external and internal environment for which it is influenced external and internal factors. Solar ultraviolet radiation and the physiological aging inevitably alter the quality of our skin and physical appearance. That is why taking care of your skin more than cosmetics and more of a raw aesthetic.

Knowing the type of skin you to save the health of the skin and boost its resistance to harmful influences.That knowledge helps skin types.

Skin color and race
World demographics are constantly evolving and expanding with the highest increases ethnic mixing.Therefore, the composition of the type of skin undergoes significant changes over time. According to data from the Bureau of Statistics on U.S. soil, in 1990. were represented 6 races and 23 subtypes of racial skin; 2000. were represented 6 and 67 races racial subtypes. It is expected that at the end of the decade that number will be even larger. Increasing world population creates new variations and combinations of leather.

In clinical dermatology and kozmetskoj today lacks a comprehensive system for classifying skin globally to all ethnic groups in a clear and workable way. There is an important need to determine the influence of factors of stroke skin inflammation and injury (stroke, injury, inflammation (i / i / i). There is a need to assess the likelihood of (i / i / i) the effects on skin type, needs to be expertly documented in the literature and to determine the potential adverse effects of these processes on the patients. So there is a real need for a universal standard that classifies dermatological skin types with universal and generally acceptable data.

In today kozmetskoj and clinical dermatology and is generally accepted kate categorization by Fitzpatrick skin types as well. Fitzpatrick Scale (FS) skin types is invaluable because it assesses the sensitivity of the skin and damage to the skin under the action of ultraviolet radiation (UV). However, it does not address any additional features that may be critical for skin pigment. Does not describe the two fundamental problems darker pigmented skin: pigment alteration and scarring.

Before you start treating dermatological and cosmetic dermatological procedures, a dermatologist should: determine how the patient's skin to respond to treatment and to identify any associated risks. On the other hand, treatment by manipulating the skin in an attempt to create a therapeutic response, and the skin itself provides data and provides evidence that helps determine skin type.

Pigmentation and tendency to rooting can be assessed and evaluated by physical examination of the current condition of the skin, which helps to predict the response of skin and / and / and influence. Allows patient advice regarding post-procedural and therapeutic expectations and future potential skin problems, such as the risk of skin cancer.

Classification of skin - skin types
World classification includes the following skin types: white guy - European / Caucasian guy, light brown type - Arabic / Mediterranean / Hispanic guy, yellow - Asian guy, black - Indian guy, a black guy - African.

Fitzpatrick scale (FS) skin types (1975)
Fitzpatrick Scale is the most common method naprihvaćeniji and classification of skin phototype. The scale includes 4-type, and later was modified and expanded, and now includes darker skin types - Type 5 and 6FS determines the reaction of the skin to UV radiation. The scale in the direction of improving the prediction of skin reactions to trauma and some dermatological procedures - laser and dermatohirurgiju, ie.ability of the skin to dark. Finally, the use of the scale score determines Fitcpatrikov skin type scale that has the following values:

Skin type and -7 points

Skin Type II - 8-16 points

Skin Type III - 17-25 points

Skin Type IV - 25-30 points

Skin Type V-VI - Over 30 points.

Fitzpatrick scale skin types:
Based on the scale Fitcpatrikove skin types generally can be predicted laser treatments or chemical peel, and for skin type I - efficient and painless for skin type II superior results can not be expected with certainty and must be implemented in a few treatments, skin types IV- YOU have to take into account the individual characteristics of each individual skin type.

Kawada Skin Classification System (1986)
It is designed to assess skin type Japanese yellow race and their sensitivity to UV radiation, sunburn and tanning.

Glogau Scale (1994)
Glogau photoaging scale classify and categorize changes - wrinkles and skin discoloration.

The system relies on a comparison of the patient's skin and prototype printed image. It is used primarily as a communication tool, not as a tool on which to base clinical recommendations.

Skin Type I - no folds

Early photoaged skin with mild pigment changes, no changes keratotic skin with minimal wrinkles. Age of the patients was 20-30 years and the mean photo-aging can be corrected with little or no makeup.

Skin Type 2 - Home corrugation

Signs beginner to moderate photoaging. The emergence and initial apparent senile lentigo, changes of UV radiation is palpated but not seen. When the smile lines are visible parallel folds. The patient's age from 30-40 and the skin itself is predisposed to skin damage.

Skin type 3: Quiet wrinkles

Represents advanced photoaging, with visible dishromijama, telangiectasia, with uniform corrugation visible without facial expressions. Patients were 50 years and older and the skin is always predisposed to severe skin damage.

Skin type 4: plication

Represents a serious photoaging and skin is yellow-gray discolorated. The skin is wrinkled skin without the normal field, in patients in 6-7 decade of life. Altered skin represents ground for the development of skin cancers.

Lancer scale of ethnicity (1998)
Classification system of the skin, which since 1998. Year is determined on the basis of race Fitzpatrikovog skin type.

Goldman World Classification skin types (2002)
Developed for testing the response of color to pregoreva, dark and has an affinity for postinflamantorne pigmentation.

Willis and Earlses scale (2005)
A proposal for a new classification system skin of African origin classification: color, reaction to UV light and postinflamantornu pigmntaciju.

Taylor Scale hyperpigmentation (2006)
Visual scale plate containing cards with skin tones and 10-15 to 100 različitiuh pigmentation variances.Areas of hyperpigmentation compared with the color of the card. The very scale used to evaluate romija dish.

Roberts skin type classification system
Is an attempt to create a tool that could be used in important concepts of professional communication and special needs, risks, and ethnic preferences and color. It is based on the measurement system and combined Firzpatrick and Glogau scale and is intended for assessing predisposition skin pigmentation, and describes the morphology rooting skin. In addition to the analysis of data auključuje obtained medical history. The ability to create hyper defined scale of 7 points, the possibility of scarring scale of 6 points (atrophy, without changes, macula, plaques with rooting edge, and keloid keloidalni nodes). Using this scale may determine the long-term effects of many treatments and procedures on the skin.

Bauman skin type (2006)
The market for skin care products is a significant change compared to previous years, the rapid expansion and development. Very little progress has been made in understanding the quality and classification of skin.Assessment system that profiles the 16 skin types skin is developed and deployed in practical applications Dr. Leslie Baumann. The system is intended for use primarily by the consumer cosmetic products as a guide to pravilnunegu skin. The system does not attempt to predict the outcome of therapeutic procedures, as aforementioned systems.

The system uses the following terms: dry, oily, combination and sensitive skin and includes four basic parameters of skin: oily vs. dry, sensitive vs. resistant, pigmented and wrinkled versus nepigmentovanoj opposite nenaboranoj skin. All of the above parameters are not mutually exclusive from the skin quality was based on all parameters, which essentially gives 16 potential combinations of skin types. In determining the parameters filled in a questionnaire with targeted questions asked, which effectively determines the possibility of the existence of a type of skin.

Means, the DAS in various cosmetic products for dry, resistant pigmentovanoj and skin creases in sheets over the oily, sensitive and pigmented skin nenaboranu. Also, Bauman profiling system 4 types of skin: Acne skin type, Rosacea skin type, skin type which aoseća slight tingling and itching and allergic skin. Each of the mentioned skin type requires the use of certain cosmetic products in order to better skin care.


Sunbathing, leather and food



The sun is essential for life on Earth. It is well known that it has complied with the old culture as a deity.Historical records show the beneficial effects of the sun on the body and mood of a man, which is used for the treatment of various skin lesions. However, after centuries of modernization and technological development of the human society that is certainly immediately reflected on the nature of the last few years, more importance is given to the harmful effects of the sun, and above all to the skin.

Some of the well-known skin disorders that may be caused or exacerbated by UV rays include actinic keratosis, basal cell and squamous cell skin cancer, malignant melanoma, cutaneous lupus erythematosus, dermatomyositis, and polymorphic light eruption.

As the sun damages the skin?
The mechanism of damage to the skin to UV rays is complex. In the broadest sense can be divided in the formation of oxidative damage caused by free radicals and reactive oksigenih of species and the oxygen independent damage caused by absorption of photons.

For the photochemical reaction that occurs in the skin of UV rays must be absorbed by the hromofora when starting series of photochemical reactions, which may result in changes in terms of photo-aging or skin cancer. These photochemical reactions result in changes in the DNA, and may also modify proteins and lipids in the skin cells, resulting in changes in their function. Their accumulation leads to tissue aging. The body is well equipped to cope with oxidative stress, typically using its own antioxidant enzymes and nonenzymatic antioxidants which reduces these changes. Sometimes, however, UV rays and other free radical generators fail to overwhelm the system, when the natural protective control becomes inadequate, resulting in oxidative stress.

From a practical knowledge of the importance of the solar spectrum, which consists of UVB rays are responsible for burning out and carry with them a high risk of skin cancer. On the other side of the UVA rays, which penetrate deeper, the more wavelengths and are responsible for the changes of photoaging.Also, many drugs may be photosensitive, and at the time of taking care of necessary exposure to the sun to prevent the development of allergic reactions.

Patient education in terms of adequate protection from the sun is one of the most important tasks of clinicians, primarily dermatologists who are mostly engaged in a wide range of changes in the skin that are caused by exposure to sunlight.

It has been shown that ultraviolet (UV) rays cause sunburn, premature skin aging and photoaging, contribute to the development of skin cancer and cataracts, and immune suppression may cause or activate latent viruses.

The importance of local fotoprotekcije is well known. It is therefore particularly important question: is it possible to provide additional internal protection of the skin.

Several studies in recent years have shown that it is possible to adequate nutrition boost defense capabilities of the whole organism, and therefore the skin against the harmful effects of UV radiation and. It can be a good additional strategy, still insufficiently known and little used.

How important is diet to protect from the sun?
In addition to using local products appropriate for the protection of the skin can also be fed with the "inside" to avoid its damage from excessive exposure to UV radiation. Intake of foods rich in antioxidants and has anti-inflammatory foods that can help the skin and the whole body as a defense against UV rays.

Free radicals, which are produced by the action of the sun's rays are responsible for cell damage, aging and increased risk of skin cancer. Antioxidants play a role in suppressing free radicals and thus stop their harmful effects.

Some antioxidants are all very well known: vitamins A, C and E, selenium, beta carotene and lycopene.

Theoretically, in plant foods there are thousands of components that have antioxidant properties. Modern science many of them and discover in the years ahead.

These substances protect the plants from the intense UV radiation, and later when they are consumed in human tissues remain the same effect.

Whether nutrition can replace sunscreen?
The answer is no. It will not replace local protection, but will add a'' bonus "internal protection that will be present 365 days a year.

How to prepare your skin nutrition for the summer?
Good nutrition is predominantly motion based on plant foods, taking the occasional fish. Certain types of fish, such as salmon, tuna and sardines are rich in omega 3 fatty acids, which have anti-inflammatory properties.

Fruits, vegetables, different types of seeds, whole grain products, nuts and beans are rich in antioxidants.Also, these substances are found in large quantities in the ordering, blueberries, raspberries, green leafy vegetables, cherries, plums, dark chocolate and tea. Generally, the darker the color, the higher the concentration of protective plant components.

Vitamin C, which is found in fruit is well-known friend of the skin. It is known for its role in the production of collagen, so it is important for the prevention of wrinkles. It is the most common antioxidant that is entered into the skin, but quickly dissolves.

It is good to eat foods rich in lycopene, such as tomatoes and red peppers. Lycopene acts as an internal fotoprotektor skin by increasing the ability of the defense from the sun. The study that was carried out last year in the UK showed that a diet based on tomatoes increases the protective ability of the skin to about 33%. Cooked tomatoes have more lycopene than fresh, and add olive oil to improve its absorption.

When the temperature increases, the need veæć fluid intake. Try to drink mostly water, unsweetened green, white or black teas, and herbal teas. Thus largely avoid the extra calories and artificial sweeteners.As far as tea, in order to achieve their antioxidant effect is required daily amount of 4 to 5 cups. For green tea is known to contain a category of antioxidants called polyphenols, which increase the skin's ability to protect from the sun, reduce damage from UV rays and protect from photo-aging.

Although cocoa is not popular as a summer drink, there are studies that prove that its consumption may reduce the harmful effects of the sun on your skin. Dark chocolate contains a large quantity of cocoa.

Is there any food that you should avoid the sun?
It is necessary to limit the intake of alcohol and caffeinated beverages because they can cause dehydration, especially in conditions of high humidity or when you stay in the sun longer. Sugar and saturated fats are proinflammatory substances and accelerate the aging process, and should be avoided.

As oil to the skin - inside and out?

Increasing the amount of certain oils in the diet can reduce the damage caused by UV radiation is very dangerous.

Especially important are the omega-3 fatty acids found in some fish species. They do not block the sun's rays, but they have anti-inflammatory potential and thus protect the skin.

Most research has shown that these fatty acids prolong the time it normally takes to occur burns, and some scientists say that they can even reduce the risk of skin cancer. For all that they are necessary in our body.

Do I need to take the supplements in tablet and that?
Ideally, it should be all the matter of food intake, although there are times when supplements are beneficial and recommended. When a person's diet is insufficient, basic multivitamin preparations are a kind of insurance. Other products could be calcium, magnesium, vitamin D and omega-3 fatty acids.

Of course, recommendations for taking such preparations should be made individually for each person individually, in relation to its needs, lifestyle and nutrition, disease, and possibly genetics course.

Is it possible to overdo taking these medicines?
The answer is: Yes. Certainly it is possible to take too many vitamins. Not a good idea to take a large amount of vitamins. Be careful with vitamin A. It should not take more 3,000 IU (international units) a day in the form of retinol from animal sources. This form can be toxic to the liver. Beta carotene from plants, can be converted into vitamin A in the body, but he does not have those toxic effects. However, smokers should not take supplements of beta carotene because some studies which showed no association with lung cancer. They are safe for non-smokers. Safe and healthy alternative to the yellow, orange and red fruits rich in retinoids.

I do not recommend large amounts of beta carotene. Large amounts of beta carotene, the orange over painting of the skin. It is better to provide it than food, such as a half-cup of cooked spinach has over 11,000 IU of vitamin A from beta carotene, carrots and an average around 8600 IU of vitamin A, in addition, contain other beneficial substances.

Internal favoritism that can be achieved by taking certain foods definitely not an alternative to the use of products with a high SPF. However, increased systemic internal protection from UV rays contribute dugotrajnijoj defense and a strategy that should be developed.

The first step is to be sure to be aware of the risks and establish useful habits that will help protect you from the sun and its harmful effects.


He starts peeling skin


Peeling a little ritual that does not require a lot of time, and that should be included on your schedule once or twice a week and your skin will thank you and you retaliate by soft, velvety complexion radiant and fresh.

Basic skin care begins with peeling

Whether we scrub the face, arms, legs or feet, it is the first step that you should do if we want to have a radiant complexion. Namely peeling removes dead skin cells, deeply cleanses and prepares it for better absorption of active ingredients of products for daily care.

After peeling the mask must be applied for different types of skin care products, and then (the best half hour to an hour after the mask) apply a moisturizing cream or gel, also depending on the skin type.

Today in the market there are countless products for exfoliation, and you can choose between two options - mechanical or chemical peels.

Mechanical exfoliation itself consists of particles rubbing off dead skin cells and improves microcirculation and is currently the metabolism of skin cells. Applied once or twice a week.

Chemical peel is based on salicylic and glycolic acid has a very fast and efficient results, because in a very short time, literally rejuvenates the skin, but you must see it to do exactly as the instructions specified product purchased. A chemical peel is not recommended during the summer because of increased solar radiation.

Contrary to the opinion that the peel did not work well because they took their summer tan, we assure you that that is exactly the opposite. well it is doing in the summer, when your skin turns dark and when it dried out from the sun. No matter how you smeared the cream, it is still scaly and peeling, and to tan leather coat again came to the fore, just peel off to the damaged layer of skin.

Exfoliation can be done and local preparations and to table salt in place a few drops of lavender oil or citrus oil. Add a little olive or almond oil to nourish the skin and rub the mixture while in the shower.

In addition to the exfoliation of "homemade" can be made from the following highly effective peels:


Peeling of honey and almonds

Grind 2 tablespoons almonds, add 2 teaspoons of milk, ½ teaspoon of flour and ½ teaspoon of honey and stir until a thick paste, rub it into the skin, rinse with water and then refresh the skin tonic.


Peeling of honey and oats

Mix 1/2 cup uncooked oatmeal, 1 tablespoon honey, 1 tablespoon cider vinegar, 1 teaspoon of ground almonds, wet your face with warm water, apply the mixture to your face and leave it to dry and rinse with warm water.

Purifying Scrub

Mix 1 tablespoon of honey, 2 tablespoons finely ground almonds and ½ teaspoon lemon and gently rub with that person, when you are done rinse with warm water.

These were some tips that grandma definitely try before you decide to buy some of peels available in our stores. Success and radiant complexion are guaranteed ... 

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