Friday, December 14, 2012

Everything you wanted to know about tanning

Sun exposure is the most natural way to tan. However, due to lack of free time, the desire for a darker complexion, the shift of the seasons and even current fashion is simply solarium only way you will darken the skin. 

Tanning is a controlled way of sunlight exposure, which means that depending on your choice how much you want to be kind. It all depends on your skin type, and even how many minutes you'll get treatment and how this will impact on your skin. It is logical that if you have a naturally darker complexion, it will take several trips to the solarium enough before going to sea, but if you have naturally bright complexion, you must be careful and go slowly.

In the market there are various solariums with different volumes and number of lamps. It is very important to know where you go and hear advice manufacturer of tanning. There are different opinions of experts on the use of the recommended dose of this product. UV dose should not exceed the number of 40, max 50 presentations in a year.

Tanning is not recommended:
- People who do not have 18 years;
- People whose skin is sensitive to UV rays;
- People who are in domestic relationship with the people who had problems with skin suffering from cancer;
- People who are currently taking medication, because they increase the photo-sensitivity;
- People who have a large number of moles on the body,

Before going to the tanning salon, you need:
- Determine the skin type and determine the right time to remain in the solarium;
- People with sensitive skin should first do a test sun for a maximum of four minutes;
- Peeling remove dead skin cells, all dirt, perfumes and deodorants;
- Do not forget UV glasses;
- Avoid using cosmetics for several hours before and after tanning;
- To achieve a bronze tan recommended three treatments at intervals of 48 hours, one treatment after seven days, in order to maintain color;
- Always check the cleanliness of tanning.

After going to the tanning bed you should:
- Do not shower after 30 minutes;
- After showering the body nanesiti moisturizing cream or milk;
- Drink plenty of fluids;
- If you are on the skin redness, shorten time following Sun;
- Sunbathe again for up to 48 hours and not before.

So, solarium YES, but in moderation and with professional guidance. Note the UV rays, ozračnosti, color, and time spent in a tanning bed, as your skin remembers and adds, and trauma are usually permanent or hardly reparable.

Tanning beds may create dependency

Fans of solariums are prone to anxiety and symptoms depending on the UV rays that are similar to alcoholics or drug addicts, according to a recent U.S. study.

A group of American professors from Memorial Center, "Sloan-Kettering" Cancer examined the habits of students from the University, "Albani" in the U.S. state of New York. They found that more than half of the participants in the study (229), visiting the solarium on average 23 times a year.

Among these students, 70 percent showed signs of dependence on artificial tan, the badly-known agencies.

"Despite our efforts to inform the public about the health hazards associated with UV radiation, whether man-made or not, it is noticeable growth in the number of young adults who resort to artificial tanning," the authors of the study published in the medical journal "Archives of Dermatology" ( Arćives of Dermatology).

These people, as research has shown, not only have a desire to improve the complexion, but go to the solarium to relax, improved mood or communicate with other people.

Scientists suggest that the people who come in tanning beds give the filling of questionnaires that allow the detection of depression and anxiety (inner restlessness), so that, if needed, they suggested to seek the help of mental health professionals.


Tanning beds and sun cause skin damage

The sun is always the notion of light, heat and life. Plays an important role in maintaining the health and vitality improve, and for normal metabolic functions in the body. The sun's rays stimulate the synthesis of vitamin D, necessary for the development and strengthening of bones, regulating levels of serotonin and tryptamine, neurotransmitters that are responsible for the well-being and the regular cycle of sleep and waking states. However, like everything else and excessive exposure to the sun can be harmful.

The sun emits a wide range of electromagnetic rays of different wavelengths. The radiation emitted by the sun (actinic radiation) which affects the skin, represents only a small portion of the solar spectrum and its content zrašenja 3 types: infrared (IR rays), visible light and ultraviolet radiation (UV rays). UV radiation contains UVA, UVB and UVC rays.

Dangerous UV rays
The surface of the earth and reach our skin UVB and UVA rays. The effects of UVB effects are felt immediately, because they are responsible for the redness and burns that occur due to sun exposure. UVA rays are quiet, somewhat hidden enemies of the skin, because their impact and influence felt in a long time.And UVA and UVB rays can participate and encourage skin cancer.

Most people think that the more we protect our skin is as dark, but tanning is actually a sign of its defense.The skin tries to protect itself from the sun's rays by producing pigment - melanin, which is responsible for the dark color. Tan cause permanent damage that accumulates and it can take years before the effects become visible. Burned skin is associated with the development of melanoma, which is a deadly type of skin cancer. Some studies show that the risk of melanoma doubles if only one burn in the sun.

Ultraviolet rays damage the DNA of a cell of our body successfully repaired damage caused. Yet over time can lead to mutations in cells that continue to give rise to skin cancer. Long exposure to the sun without proper protection can cause premature aging, wrinkles and brown spots on the skin. Ultraviolet radiation is also a major cause of cataracts.

Artificial sources of UV radiation
The carcinogenic effect on the skin with its natural UV rays emitted by the sun and UV rays are coming from artificial sources such as solariums and tanning lamps. Excessive short-term or long-term exposure to UV radiation in a solarium can lead to premature skin aging, weakening or totally blocking the immune system, damage to the eyes iključujući formation of cataracts and an eye melanoma, skin cancer.

All artificial appliances for tanning leather, and sun rooms that are primarily and commonly used, emit both UVA and UVB rays.

The amount of radiation is similar to that emitted by the sun, and in some cases, unfortunately, can be much stronger.

Many salons that use solariums besides this is not subject to any legislation, so it is possible that the radiation spectrum is not always regulated, which increases the danger.

The World Health Organization (WHO) in 2003. , gave a report on the harmful tanning dejsvu the following recommendations for use.

Based on WHO recommendations should not use tanning: - People with skin phototype I and II (light skin and eyes, light up)
- People who have a large number of moles
- Children of all persons under the age of 18.
- People with a tendency towards the spot
- People who have a history of frequent sunburn in childhood
- People with pre-malignant and malignant skin lesions
- People with skin damaged by the sun
- The person wearing a cosmetic preparations (increased sensitivity to UV radiation)
- People who use drugs, such as antidepressants, antibiotics, psoralen, antifungal drugs, antidiabetic drugs.

Protection against solar radiation
It is very important to know how to choose the appropriate protective equipment. These are products that protect against the harmful effects of UV rays on the way to absorb and do not miss (block) of sunlight responsible for the occurrence of skin damage. Packaging protective equipment is marked with "SPF" (sun protection factor), ie. stated that contain UV protection. What is the absorption rate higher, the higher the protection factor. The SPF is calculated by comparing the length of time it takes to develop a sunburn on protected skin and the length of time it takes to develop a sunburn on unprotected skin.

People whose skin is usually red, but after 10 minutes of sun exposure, applying a sunscreen 2, the skin will get red in the face after 20 minutes. If people use an SPF 20, your skin will get red in the face after 200 minutes, which is more than 3 hours of sunlight. Preparations with a "sun block" protection prevents the penetration of sunlight to the skin. They include materials such as titanium dioxide and zinc oxide, whose mirror-like particles bounce sunlight.

Such preparations with the addition of high concentrations of UV filters actually reduce the penetration of sunlight to a minimum. Protective devices are selected in relation to the preparation and waterproof according to skin type.

Currently in the world only respects the criterion Waterproof U.S. Food and Drug Administration FDA in which the product is waterproof if after 2 bath / swim for 20 minutes, at least 50% of the applied products keep the skin.

It should be noted that the SPF is used only as a measure relative to UVB protection, so when buying products to make sure that if there is a label on the package that it contains UVA filters. However, no sunscreen does not protect 100% of UV rays, especially if not used properly. The sun can not be implemented for several hours without a break, and it is important to gradually expose yourself and avoid the time when it is strongest. The negative effects of UV rays accumulate and add up over a lifetime.

Our skin remembers all damage caused during life, and the ability of its renewal with the year less. At the outset it is necessary to use an SPF higher than what you would use for your skin, and when the skin gets used to the sun, you can use a smaller factor. Yet at the same time using a large amount of preparation because there is a rule the more the better. Funds sunscreen should be applied frequently, every 2 hours, especially during the first few days of sun exposure and always after swimming or showering. To demonstrate their maximum effect should be applied 20 to 30 minutes before sun exposure.

It should be noted that the importance of clothing also can provide good protection. If exposure to long hours, always wearing long sleeves and long trousers Lightweight wide-brimmed hat and sunglasses are a must.

Keep your skin
Finally, to repeat, our skin remembers every moment in the sun, any redness and burning out and made his own record that can not be erased. Premature signs of aging, birthmarks, hyperpigmentation, premalignant lesions and the appearance of various skin cancers are brutal and realistic indication of the degree of skin damage. All her life, from early childhood, it is necessary to take all precautions and care of excessive exposure to the sun.

Solarium: Girls do not care skin cancer, but wrinkled face?

Researchers at the University of East Tennessee the survey tried to find out which health-intervention method has the best impact on reducing the risk of skin cancer and reduce the use of tanning beds.

In their study included 430 students, which is a tan color built up in the solarium. 200 of them were given a booklet with information on the history and current socio-cultural context of the sun, together with the possible harmful effects of tanning on the skin. The booklet also contained recommendations were to reduce the use of tanning and offered healthier options frills, such as exercise or the use of self-tanning products. The other 230 patients did not receive this booklet.

Sunbathing affects premature aging of the skin that takes on a gray, wrinkled and worn appearance.
All the patients evaluated for pathological tanning motives: a sense of how it got out of control, evidence of tolerance to the effects of sun, the belief that the natural color of the skin unattractive and reaction to sunscreen attributed to the drugs. Six months after the booklets were distributed, the researchers re-assessed the frequency of use of tanning beds.
Students are concerned that they can get skin cancer, but their superficial nature of fear: fear that it will tarnish obtained fight!
The research is published in the journal Archives of Dermatology.

The researchers point out that solarium tanning is a safer way. Safer Sun includes:

• planning outdoor activities so as to avoid the strongest rays - between 10 and 16 hours
• Wearing protective clothing, such as hats, trousers with long legs and a shirt with long sleeves
• Wearing sunglasses with 100-percent UV protection
• protection factor of not less than 30 that blocks both UVA and UVB rays. Apply sunscreen half an hour before sun exposure and reapply every hour and a half.

If you go to a lot of risk the solarium

In Serbia, an annual record of 500 new cases of one of the most serious skin cancer, melanoma, it was said at the expert meeting on "Sun as a health risk factor," which was held in the Serbian Chamber of Commerce.

The aim of the seminar was to raise awareness of the population and the public about the proper exposure to the sun, which, as well as higher use of methods of protection and prevention of dermatological diseases of the skin.

According to Dr. Anne Jovićević from the Institute of Oncology and Radiology of Serbia, in the country annually from malignant diseases affect about 32,000 people, while according to the Institute registers around 500 new cases of melanoma.

Jovicevic said that in the world every year discover between two and three million skin cancers as a result of exposure sunčeviom rays, ozone depletion, but most of our behavior.

She also pointed out the harmful effects of tanning beds, which regularly goes to 16 percent of high school students, half of which goes more than 10 times a year.

"Around the world and in our country recognized the dependence of tanning among young people, which increases the risk of melanoma by 75 percent," said Jovicevic.

According to her, the main cause of malignant skin diseases are genetic factors - 10 percent, and the influence of environmental factors - 90 percent, in the form of chemical, physical or biological mutations.

Dr. Snezana Djuric from Bel Medic General Hospital stressed the influence of UVA and UVB rays, which specifically are dangerous for our skin.

She added that prolonged exposure to UVB rays, among other things, causes sunburn, premature aging, skin cancer, melanoma, ocular structure damage, wrinkles on the forehead, neck, around the mouth, while the exposure to UVA rays leads to dilated capillaries chapped, sun spots, rough skin and thinning skin, because capillaries become brittle from the sun.

She also pointed out that the harmful effects of tanning, she said, was broadcast three times more radiation than the sun at noon, which is why they are banned in many countries.

Dr. Djuric pointed out that every seventh solarium does not meet legal standards related to radiation.

Participants in the meeting stressed the importance of preventive examinations which should be paid attention to during the year.


Everything You Wanted to Know about tanning

The intensity of UV rays in a tanning bed can be higher by up to 15 percent. Radiation is also much stronger, resulting in DNA damage to cells, which in turn increases the risk of skin cancer

Longer a question of whether tanning is harmful, but it is only a question of to what extent? The answer to that question in the past few years have yielded a number of studies and research in which scientists warn of the great harm of UV rays in a tanning bed. It's no secret that people who use tanning at increased risk of developing skin cancer, up to 75 percent. The intensity of UV rays in a tanning bed can be higher by up to 15 percent of the sun at noon, and we're all aware of how much it is really time for the summer months.Radiation is also much stronger than we can handle our skin, resulting in damage to the cell's DNA, which in turn increases the risk of skin cancer.

Malignant melanoma is one of the most dangerous types of cancer, and increasingly affects young people, aged between 15 and 35 years of age, and about 20 percent of people suffering and dying from these malignancies. What is most important to remember that the damage caused by UV rays in tanning beds are not created immediately, but over time, with each sunbathing chance of developing skin cancer is increasing. Excessive sun, especially when the sun is strongest, the same can eventually cause skin cancer, but it is even more dangerous solarium.

Habit or addiction?

Who does not like skin that summer, at least it does not look good, healthy and tanned? Most people are like skin look younger, firmer, and even gets the impression of slimness, which is many more reason for tan skin. It's just been one of many reasons that are considered drug solarium, and there is more. Experts believe that many people have become addicted to tanned complexion, as others addicted to alcohol, drugs and cigarettes. In fact, no other explanation for why people go against common sense. As alcoholics and addicts and cigarettes to know that what they are doing is harmful, so it is the same drug tanned complexion. They know that tanning is harmful, and how much they know, but the desire to tan is stronger.Apart from the risk of malignancies, tanning bed too quickly causes skin aging and wrinkles, skin becomes dehydrated and in the end does not look natural.

For those who can not resist

Many people will now think that UV rays are not the only danger that threatens us. Every day we are exposed to many contaminants and toxic substances, and even being aware. So, if you are one of those who think you a few trips to the tanning bed a year will not kill you or harm you, here are some useful tips which try to stick to.

* People need light-skinned people care more than darker-skinned, and it must adapt to stay in the solarium.

* Do not go to the tanning salon if you are under 18 years old, you have a very light and delicate skin which quickly turns red or if you burn easily in the sun and burn.
* Do not go to a tanning bed if you have many moles, if you have a family genetic predisposition, or even you yourself have had skin cancer, and in the end, if you are using medications which increase UV sensitivity (hormones, antibiotics, diuretics, anti-fungal).

Also, a sample tanning, no more than four minutes to see how your skin will react and be sure not to stay in a tanning bed for 10 minutes, regardless of the time and the natural tan leather. In principle, you can go to the tanning salon every two to three days, and if you want to maintain a tan, is enough to visit once a week in length from six to eight minutes.

Preparation of skin

Before you visit a solarium make body scrub to remove any dead skin cells, remove makeup, perfume marks, sprays and body cream. It is best to sunbathe in a bikini to protect against UV radiation private parts and nipples, which are especially sensitive. Do not forget to put a tanning bed goggles, so as not to damage the eyesight, solarium and keep your eyes open only to adjust the settings, the rest of the time they hold necessarily closed.

In general, the lamp should not be closer to the face and neckline of 20-30 inches. Some tanning beds have separate bulbs for the person who is best immediately shut down. Do not go to the tanning salon for which you are not sure that it is cleaned and disinfected, it can be a breeding ground of many infectious and bacterial skin diseases, and even sexually transmitted diseases. If the tanning experience weakness, excessive heat, burning the skin or any kind of discomfort you should stop and get out of sun tanning.

It is best to not take a shower for at least two hours after tanning, but they drink as much fluid as you prevented the dehydration of the body and skin. After otuširate, be sure to apply a quality moisturizer. In no way do after visiting the solarium tan even further. There are different strengths of tanning beds and the number of lamps. Once solarium stronger, bigger, and it is damaging UV radiation.

The good side of tanning

But either way, solarium has some good points, if used with caution and moderation. Many people who have problems with allergies to the sun, the sun before going to the tanning salon to produce melanin, the skin began to turn a bit more resistance. Same sizes often resort to lighter skinned people who burn easily in the sun.

What is the most important and possibly the most positive thing is that UV rays stimulate the production of vitamin D in the body. In fact, vitamin D is very important for the immune system, but also improves the body's ability of an organism, and even helps us to cope more easily with stress.

Also, UV radiation can help reduce symptoms and even treat certain diseases such as psoriasis in, neurodermatitis, viltigo, fungus and other skin diseases.


Solarium: a damaging and unnecessary or is not it?

Most women believe that tanned skin is especially nice, and try to look tanned all year round. Summer vacations are the best opportunity to relax and get beautiful, bronze tan, in the absence of natural features, tanning is the best option.
At a time when even overexposure to sunlight is not recommended, you may solarium in many ways acts as a smarter choice. But is he really the better choice? Studies have shown that the level of UV rays that tanning can be used from 3-15% higher than that provided by natural sunlight. Also, research that included 4,000 people found that people who use tanning beds before the 35th The increased risk of malignant melanoma by 75%. In addition, using tanning lamps, so that you get the desired tan, have a shelf life.However, owners often replace their expensive investment, and you are also more at risk.
If you choose to ignore the risks and continue to visit tanning salons, you must observe certain rules.Before going to the tanning salon Exfoliate to remove dead skin cells and impurities, remove all make-up, based on the color of your natural complexion with a skilled person determine how much you can spend the maximum time in a tanning bed, make sure you wear eye protection, and protect the skin cream with a high protection factor (I doubt that you would be resting on natural sunlight without any protection, so why would you done so in a tanning bed?). If you become too hot, feel weakness or discomfort, be sure to stop tanning. Half an hour after leaving the tanning bed it is important to take a shower and apply a moisturizing body milk, and that day does not expose to the sun. Must replenish lost fluids with water or other refreshments.
Tanning is the ideal choice if you want to keep your tan from summer vacation, but even then you do not need to exaggerate. Pretjetana tan can make you look anything but natural. Going to the tanning salon a month (less perhaps even better, if you can resist) should be enough to maintain the desired color of your complexion.


If you have been in a tanning bed - do it as safely as possible

Solarium or not, we're sure you do not want to get to the beach looking like a cheap Hungarian white cheese. Although tanning is not recommended, and each will try to answer a dermatologist from it - chances are high that you'll do it anyway. And if you are already embarking on this adventure, then you can do the safest. We all want to look good in the summer, because we bronzed skin makes them happier, slimmer and definitely look better on the beach, and in the photographs, but these come with various hazards. Do not engage in tanning rays if you are not well prepared.

Before you go to the tanning salon must consult with employees of tanning, or even better, a dermatologist.Especially if you have never used a tanning bed, or were you all year without any sun on the body.Furthermore, it is important to specify the type of skin and most importantly how to get started you will remain in the solarium. The length depends on the model sun tanning, which are usually light, midium and turbo solarium. Not necessarily, but the volume is moving in these circles and names. If you have never been in a tanning bed is not recommended to stay longer than 4 minutes. For the first time, so it is quite enough, just to test the reaction of your skin to the air.

Before you let tanning rays must remember that you drank some antiobiotike, hormonal medications or creams used dubious origin. If so, postpone the sun for at least 24 hours to calm the skin and body back to normal. Do not forget to use UV glasses that you each tanning workers are required to give way, if not, do not use their services. Before heading to the tanning bed make sure to clean and clean up before and behind.Purity of the excess water will not harm. And be sure to remove makeup, perfume and remove residue if you experience severe heat and burn your skin rather stop tanning.

But there are also those who at all costs want to avoid tanning and darkening the natural way, and we are always on the side of nature, and for that reason, here are some tips:

Since spring has yet to bloom, we recommend a leisurely walk no more than two hours during the afternoon. If the sun is strong. Be sure to protect some of the protective factors that you choose depending on your skin complexion and brightness.

Protective Factor 2 - 5 ensures basic protection
The SPF 6-11 provides secondary protection
The SPF 12-19 high protection
The SPF 20-30 intensive care
The SPF 30 + blocking rays

What is the weather warmer and the more you are exposed to the sun the skin will react better with proper care. If even some of oiling nightly and daily self-tanning creams result will be even more beautiful. Spread the cream and rub well into the skin. Rub the whole, not just half. Ask someone to give you back buttering area and within reach difficult places. Do not just go to sleep and napackati already well spread the cream and let it rest.

Whichever route you choose, do not overdo it because the skin is delicate structures that can easily be hurt.Time until the summer still has, and you plenty of options on how to reach the beautiful dark skin, and on the beach the first day of bronze gloss shine. 

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